Rasnov city’s history begins over 2000 years when the cumidavian Dacians were living within the locality territory. The ancient name of Rasnov is "Comidava" latinized to "Cumidava" and under this shape appeared first, mentioned on a stone monument from the time of Emperor Alexander Severus.
Traces of habitation within the city limits, indicate the presence of a Dacian settlement, about 3 km from the city, in the vicinity of the Barsa river, but later on, apparently existed here also a large Roman fort.
Cumidava mentioned by the renowned geographer Ptolemeus of Alexandria in his "Geographic Atlas Handbook sec. II d. AD" represents the northern limit of the "Transalutamus Limes".
In the XIII Century, Barsa Land was colonized by Germanic populations called "Saxons", although most of them, were coming from the Western Germanic Empire. Apparently, in Rasnov area, were brought settlers from the Rhine Valley, where there already was a town named "Rosenau".
Thus, the name of the Transylvanian settlement may be a memory of the origin of the Saxon colonists. In time, the town has gained commercial importance, being the second largest fair in Barsa Land. Guilds appeared, of which the most important were those of carpenters, weavers and glass blowers (hence the toponym of Glajeria’s Valley).
An important highlight of the town is the 'Citadel’s Valley’ Cave, located about 3 km from Rasnov.
Romanian films such as "The Dacians", "The Column" or "Michael the Brave" were cast inside or around Rasnov city. Since 2009 the city is the host of the ‚Historical Film Festival’, which takes place every year in August.
Translated and arranged after a report by: Madalina Diaconu